-A A +A
Department of Physics


The department of Physics of Government College of Arts, Science and Commerce was established in the year 1988 . Mr.N.B. Bhat ( retired ) Associate Professor then headed the department. Initially Physics was taught only at First and Second year level. In the year 1992-93 ,first batch of third year Physics students passed out under affiliation of Goa University.

The department has well equipped laboratories for the conduct of practical. There are three laboratories. One laboratory is equipped and designed for the conduct of electricity and magnetism, electronics and modern Physics practical. The second laboratory takes care of mechanics and heat and thermodynamics practical . The third laboratory or the dark room is designed for the conduct of Optics practical. The department offers three years duration B.Sc ( honors ) course affiliated to Goa university. Besides Physics as generic elective is offerd to non Physics students. The department has completed 33 years since its inception. The Physics dept. students alumni is well placed. After completion of the course in BSc Physics students could get admission for M.Sc Physics and M.Sc Electronics at Goa University. Many of our students are now teachers while some others are working in various companies.  Physics department conducts certificate course in Maintenance and Repairs of domestic Electrical and electronic appliances and Hobby electronics. Department has installed Biogas Plant which is regularly used in the dept. of Chemistry. .

Other regular activities of the department includes night sky observation programme as and when possible.

Teaching Learning

The department strives to make the teaching-learning process a vibrant and meaningful one and create an environment to enable students to unearth their potential and tap their talent.

In order to enrich learning experience of students, faculty members use ICT facilities. Brain storming is encouraged to create deliberate opportunities for the pupil to ask questions and express their views. Informal remedial sessions are offered to students as and when required by them. Teachers upgrade their teaching skills and knowledge by attending workshops and seminars.

Capacity Building

To enrich the learning experience of the students, the department organises several activities throughout the year; workshops, guest-lectures, Short term certificate courses etc.

Some of the recent ones are:

  1. As a part of Science Day Celebration, organized a talk on “Nature at its Best at 10-9 m” on 25th February 2021 at Govt. College Sanquelim. Retired Professor Dr. R. B. Tangsali from Physics Dept. Goa University was the resource person.
  2. As a green initiative to set up a Biogas plant in Govt. College Sanquelim, a motivational talk was organised on “Going Green with Biogas” on 18th March 2021 at Government College Sanquelim. Mr. Vijaydutta Lotlikar of St. Xaviers High School Moira, was the resource person.
  3. “The Moon and More” Night Sky Observation programme was organized on 15th March 2022 at Govt. College Sanquelim in collaboration with the Association of Friends of Astronomy Goa.
  4. Short term certificate course in Maintenance and Repairs of domestic electrical and electronic appliances and Hobby electronics.
  5. Short term certificate course in design, installation and maintainence of Bio-gas plant.

The physics laboratories are well equipped and spacious enabling the students to get hand on training on how to use each instrument.


Student Progression, TY Result (2017-2021)

Academic Year: 2017-2018

Sr. No

Name of the student Institution joined for higher education

Place of employment

1 Manisha Sinari M.Sc Goa University
2 Apurva Pangam B.Ed , Goa University
3 Rushikesh Shetgaonkar
4 Rushikesh Kamat MRF , Ponda
5 Niraj Salgaonkar M.Sc Goa University
6 Ashish Parab M.A Goa University
7 Apurva Sawant M.Sc Goa University

Passing Percentage For Year 2017-2018 is 85.71%

Academic Year: 2018-2019

Sr. No

Name of the student Institution joined for higher education

Place of employment

1 Vaibhavi Patil  
2 Snehal Shinde M.Sc Goa University  
3 Rucha Dessai M.Sc Goa University  
4 Navin Manerikar M.Sc Goa University  
5 Girish Mantri  

Passing Percentage For Year 2018-2019 is 80%

Academic Year: 2019-2020

Sr. No Name of the student Institution joined for higher education Place of employment
1 Narayan Gaonkar M.Sc Goa University
2 Azmina Aga B.Ed , Savitribai Phule University
3 Diksha Mhalsekar M.Sc Goa University
4 Radha Kesarkar M.Sc Goa University
5 Ankita Nigalye M.Sc Goa University
6 Saidatta Sadanand Parab M.Sc Goa University
7 Kirti Kasinath Gawade M.Sc Goa University
8 Shreya Shrikant Gaonkar M.Sc University of Mumbai
9 Shankar Mhalappa Burange Vedanta PIG Iron plant, Amona
10 Prathamesh Prakash Joshi M.Sc Goa University

Passing Percentage For Year 2019-2020 is 100%

Academic Year: 2020-2021

Sr. No Name of the student Institution joined for higher education

Place of employment

1 Gauresh Naik
2 Karishma Sutar
3 Sumuksha Gaonkar M.Sc Physics, Goa University
4 Shara Aga
5 Navin Matonkar
6 Meenakshi Gosavi M.Sc Physics, Goa University
7 Sarvesh Govekar M.Sc Electronics, Goa University

 Passing Percentage For Year 2020-2021 is 100%

Distinguished Alumni

Dr. Mohammed Parvez Al-Usmani
O Goa Multi Faculty College, Dharbandora-Goa

Designated Alumnies
Alumni Details

Sr.No. Name of the Alumnus/Alumna Month & Year of Passing Present position held with office address Contact number (Preferably Whats App number)


1 Ms. Rekha Vidwans 1992-93 Tr. Grade-I in Guardian Angel Hr. Sec. School Sanvordem-Goa
2 Mr. Pednekar Dnyaneshwar 1992-93 Software Engineer, Telco Darwad
3 Mr. Sanjay Sawaikar 1992-93 Software Engineer, Gwala India Harvalem
4 Mr.Naik Sanjay Api 1993-94 Quality Controller, Kodak India
5 Mr. Ranjeet Rane 1993-94 Network Engineer in CABLE Net Mumbai
6 Mr. Manoj Sawaikar 1993-94 Asst. Director, Directorate of Education Panaji 9404454324
7 Dr, Shaikh Mohammed Parvez Al-usmani 1993-94 Professor, Principal, Goa Multi Faculty college Dharbandora 9422643821
8 Mr. Divkar Pratap Vishnu 1994-95 Station Master, Thivim Station
9 Mr. Gawade Sandeep G. 1994-95 Production Assistant, SESA GOA
10 Mr. Patil Nandish Laxman 1994-95 Electronic Engineer ,ONGC Hyderabad
11 Ms.Naik Shubhangi R. 1995-96 Teacher Govt. High School Valpoi
12 Mr. Sawant Arvind P. 1995-96 Teacher Govt. High School , Pale Velguem
13 Mr. Sanjay Bhingurde 1996-97 Tr. Gd-I Shri Shantadurga Hr. Sec. School BICHOLIM_GOA
14 Mr. Jog Pankti Dattatray 1996-97  Working for CRY &WHO, at Bhuj in Gujrat
15 Mr. Bandekar Shambhu R. 1998-99 Tr.Gd-I at Govt Hr. Secondary Sanquelim 9823239816
16 Dr. Preeti Bhobe 1998-99 Associate Professor of Physics IIT Indore pbhobe@gmail.com
17 Mr. Sameer Desai 1998-99 School Teacher, in Govt High School
18 Mr. Pandurang Mashelkar 1998-99 Tr-Gd-I Mustifund Hr Sec School Kujira 9823522950
19 Ms. Manisha Kadkade 1999-00 Working in RTO panjim
20 Dr. Manoj Kothawale 1999-00 Dnyan Prasarak Mandal & Research Centre, Assagao 8390189650
21 Ms. Supriya Dessai 2001-02  Tr-Gd-I at our lady of Lourdes Hr. Sec. Valpoi
22 Ms. Smita Patil 2001-02 Tr-Gd-I at Shri Shantadurga Hr. Sec. Bicholim
23 Mr. Gulam Gulberg Alisab 2002-03 Officer in weight and Measurement office Mapusa 9767891692
24 Mr. Mayekar Govind 2002-03 Teacher at St. Jhon of the cross high school Sanquelim 7875013372
25 Mr. Vetkar Jitendra 2002-03 Working as Officer at PIP Amona
26 Ms. Thakur Archana 2002-03 Working as School Teacher in Govt School.
27 Dr. Asha Usapkar 2002-03 Working at NIO Dona Paula
28 Ms. Rekha Hankare 2007-08 Working as a school teacher at Banda
29 Ms. Vidyashree Joshi 2009-10 Working as a school teacher at Banda
30 Mr. Yogesh Gaonkar 2010-11 Tr-Gd-I at Govt.  Hr. Sec. Sanquelim
31 Ms. Rashmi Hebbalkar 2010-11 Working as a School Teacher
32 Ms. Akshita Mapari 2010-11 Working at Income tax office Panjim
33 Ms. Leena Gawas 2014-15 Working as a School Teacher 9158579106
34 Mr. Sujay Rane 2014-15 Working as Assistant Professor in Govt College Khandola 9422240984
35 Ms. Deviya Gaonkar 2016-17 Tr-Gd-I at Shri Shantadurga Hr. Sec. Bicholim 9145514279
36 Mr. Shankar Bhurange 2019-20 Working as Officer at PIP Amona 9309781785

Program Specific Outcomes

B.Sc Physics Programme Specific Outcomes (PSOs)

At the end of the course the students will be able to:

  1. Articulate in-depth, core knowledge on various branches in physics
  2. Demonstrate skill and competencies to effectively apply and verify theoretical concepts of Physics through laboratory experiments.
  3. Display a strong foundation for higher education such as M.Sc and other competitive examinations.

Courses (Semester wise)


Paper Code Title





Section 1 :Mathematical Methods & Mechanics

Section 2 :Electrical Circuit Theory







Section 1 :Heat And Thermodynamics
Section 2 :Properties Of Matter & Acoustics OPTICS And INSTRUMENTATION






PYS 101

Section 1: Waves & Oscillation
Section 2 : Electronics Network Analysis






PYS 105

Section 1: Optics

Section 2: Modern Physics Electrical And Electronic Instrumentation





PYC105 Section 1: Classical Mechanics

Section 2: Thermal Physics



PYC106 Analog and Digital Electronics 4+2
PYC107 Mathematical Physics &Electromagnetic Theory I 4+2
PYD101 Quantum Mechanics 4
PYD103 Solid State Physics 3+1


PYC108 Atomic and Molecular Physics 4+2
PYC109 Solid State Devices and Instrumentation 4+2
PYC110 Electromagnetic Theory II & Theory of Relativity 4+2
PYD106 Nuclear Physics 4
PYD109 Project 4

Course Outcomes

F.Y. B.Sc. Semester I


Code And Title

On Completion Of This Course The Learner Will Be  Able To :

Physics (DSC) PYC 101:

Section I: Mathematical Methods and Mechanics

Section II: Electrical Circuit Theory

  1. Apply necessary mathematical tools to understand mathematical modeling of Physics phenomena.
  2. Explain Newton’s three laws that help learn Classical Mechanics in general and kinematics/ dynamics in particular.
  3. Apply Network theorems to simple networks and discuss inductance.
  4. Explain the transient and sinusoidal response of circuits containing combinations of L, C, R and describe mutually coupled L-R circuits and AC bridges.
Physics (GE) PYG 101; Basics Physics
  1. Identify the different properties of solids and fluids and explain their applications.
  2. Outline various concepts of acoustics, ultrasound and extend its applications.
  3. Explain the basic concepts of electrostatics and magnetism.
  4. Describe various concepts of basic electronics.

F.Y. B. Sc. Semester II


Code And Title

On Completion Of This Course The Learner Will Be  Able To :

Physics (DSC)

 PYC 102

Section I: Heat and Thermodynamics                                               Section II: Properties Of Matter Acoustics

  1. Discuss the kinetic theory of gases, behavior of real gases and entropy
  2. Explain the Zeroth, First and Second Law of Thermodynamics.
  3. Describe and explain different properties of solids and fluids, set up relationships between them and experimentally evaluate these.
  4. Outline various concepts of acoustics, ultrasound and  extend their applications.
Physics (GE) PYG 102; Optics and Instrumentation
  1. Describe the cardinal points of an optical system, optical property of lenses and Aberrations and Discuss construction of eyepieces and their image formation with the help of optical ray diagrams.
  2. Explain interference, diffraction and polarization of light.
  3. Describe X-rays and various medical imaging instruments
  4. Explain the construction and working of LCD and LED displays and other instruments.

 S.Y. B. Sc. Semester III


Code And Title

On Completion Of This Course The Learner Will Be  Able To :

Physics (DSC)


Section I: Waves And Oscillations                                                             Section II : Electronics

  1. Deduce differential equation of simple harmonic oscillator, give examples of simple harmonic oscillations and Lissajous figures.
  2. Discuss oscillatory motion in resistive medium and energy considerations in a forced harmonic oscillator.
  3. Draw and Explain rectifier circuits. Discuss characteristics, applications of CE and CB mode   amplifier  and thermal stability of a transistor.
  4. Design the circuits for phase shift, Wein Bridge, Colpitts and Hartley Oscillator
  5. and Demonstrate OP-AMP as Inverting, non-inverting and differential amplifier.
Physics (SEC)


Network Analysis

  1. Apply Network theorems to simple networks and discuss self-inductance and mutual inductance.
  2. Explain the response of circuits containing L,C, R to DC and AC circuits.
  3. Discuss coupled circuits, transformers, power, resonance and two-port networks.
  4. Explain the working of various AC bridges

 S.Y. B. Sc. Semester IV

Course Code And Title

On Completion Of This Course The Learner Will Be  Able To :

Physics (DSC)

PYC 104

Section I: Optics and Modern Physics                                                         Section –II: Modern Physics       

  1. Explain the optical phenomena of interference, diffraction and polarisation.
  2. Apply the knowledge of interference, diffraction and polarisation to understand the theory behind and perform experiments on formation of Newton’s rings, diffraction grating, wedge shaped film, resolving power of instruments, Fresnel biprism, Michelson interferometer, diffraction grating, Brewster’s law, single slit diffraction, polarimeter.
  3. Describe motion of a charged particle in electric and magnetic field and demonstrate electric discharge through gases and the particle accelerators.
  4. Discuss the properties and applications of electromagnetic radiation and explain the various crystal structures.
Physics (SEC)


Electrical and Electronic Instrumentation

  1. Describe the construction, working, merits and de-merits of DC and AC indicating instruments.
  2. Determine resistance, self-inductance, frequency and capacitance of DC and AC bridges.
  3. Describe different types of power supplies and oscilloscopes.
  4. 4.       Discuss instrumentation amplifiers and signal analyzers.

T.Y. B. Sc. Semester V

Course Code And Title

On Completion Of This Course The Learner Will Be  Able To

Physics (DSC)

PYC 105

Classical Mechanics and Thermal Physics


  1. Discuss the concepts of centre of mass coordinates, central force, inertial and non inertial frames of reference, pseudo forces such as centrifugal force and Coriolis force , moment of inertia tensor and apply these concepts to study the motion of system of particles, motion of a body under the action of a central force, motion of a body on a rotating earth , motion of a rigid body, motion of a symmetric top etc.
  2. Apply conservation laws for linear momentum, angular momentum and energy, inverse square law, Kepler’s laws of planetary motion, rotating coordinate system equations, Euler’s equations of motion of rigid body to derive the equations motion of rocket, conveyor belts, planets, system of two bodies, scattering of alpha particles, Foucault pendulum, torque free motion of a symmetric top.
  3. Explain the principle involved and different methods of production of low temperatures.  Describe various methods of liquefaction of various gases.
  4. Describe the basic statistical methods and concepts like probability, random variables, expectation values, variance, probability distribution, bionomial, poisson and Gaussian distribution, mean value, standard deviation, phase space, most probable distribution and use these concepts to discuss Maxwell Boltzmann, Bose Einstein and Fermi Dirac statistics.


Analog and Digital Electronics


  1. Describe the basic function of a transistor as a Switch, multivibrators using Transistors and develop the skill to design and assemble the multi-vibrator circuits.
  2. Explain FETs, OP-AMP and IC555 in detail and its applications.
  3. Design and assemble the circuits of Voltage regulators using IC 78—and IC79— series.
  4. Develop a converter which can convert binary code to decimal code, design combinational circuits using gates and Classify Flip Flops, Counters with diagram, truth table and waveforms.
Physics(DSC) PYC 107 Mathematical Physics And Electromagnetic
  1. Use advanced mathematical tool i.e. vector calculus to understand mathematical modelling of Electrostatics
  2. Explain types of differential equation, partial differential equations and realize the importance of these equations in Physics, as nature itself is dynamic and evolving.
  3. Solve problems from Electrostatics efficiently and swiftly by selecting appropriate mathematical tool such as gradient, divergence, curl and Laplace operator etc.
  4. Develop problem solving skills and explore possibilities for newer applications of these concepts.

PYD 101

Quantum mechanics


  1. Explain the concept of matter waves and state De Broglie hypothesis. Describe experiments in support of De Broglie hypothesis.
  2. Describe the concept of wave function, acceptable wave function, Max Born interpretation of wave function, wave group, group velocity, particle velocity and phase velocity. Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle.
  3. Develop Schrodinger’s time dependent wave equation and hence explain the concept of stationary states, operators, eigen value and eigen functions.
  4. Derive Schrodinger’s time independent wave equation and use it to study behavior of particle in an infinite square well potential, particle in a three dimensional box, particle approaching step potential, particle moving across potential barrier and     harmonic oscillator.

PYD 107

Solid State Physics

  1. Define lattice translation vectors, basis, unit cell, determine miller indices and explain different crystal systems and bravais lattices.
  2. Discuss free electron theory of metals and band theory of metals and extend this knowledge to understand different properties of solids.
  3. Classify solids on the basis on of their band gaps.
  4. Explain magnetic, dielectric and ferroelectric properties of materials.

 T.Y. B. Sc. Semester VI

Course Code And Title

On Completion Of This Course The Learner Will Be  Able To


PYC 108

Atomic and Molecular Physics

  1. Apply Schrodinger’s equation to hydrogen atom and hence explain the concept of quantum numbers.
  2. Apply spectroscopic notation, selection rules to understand alkali metal spectra, X-ray spectra.
  3. Analyze vibrational , rotational ,vibration rotation and electronic spectra of diatomic molecules.
  4. Explain pure rotational Raman spectra, vibrational Raman spectra, rotational fine structure. Explain   experimental setup for Raman spectroscopy


Solid State Devices and Instrumentation

  1. Describe the solid state two terminal devices with respect to their Characteristics and its applications.
  2. Discuss the basic structure, symbol of various Industrial Devices and Point out the applications of industrial devices in industry.
  3. Design measuring instruments like Voltmeter, Ammeter and Ohmmeter for the measurement of electrical quantities with extension of their range, also Develop the skill and expertise to assemble electrical measurement instruments.
  4. Explain the working of Cathode Ray Oscilloscope and Signal Generator and Demonstrate their  usage.

PYC 110

Electromagnetic Theory-II and Theory of Relativity

  1. Describe the magnetic field of steady currents using the appropriate laws and Explain the magnetic field in a different media.
  2. Discuss the Microscopic theory of magnetism and Determine the magnetic energy of magnetic circuits, Energy density in magnetic field and Hysteresis loss.
  3. Explain Maxwell’s Equation with respect to electromagnetic energy.
  4. Discuss and Defend the theory of relativity.

PYD 106

Nuclear Physics


  1. Explain different properties of nucleus and nuclear forces.
  2. Distinguish between different types of radioactive decays and deduce energetics of    different nuclear reactions.
  3. Describe different nuclear models, discuss working of nuclear reactor, breedor reactor and advantages of nuclear energy.
  4. List different methods of detecting nuclear radiation and explain.

Short term Certificate Courses

Society Activities

  1. Peace Rally on 2nd Oct 2021
  2. Cleanliness drive in Sanquelim on 23rd Oct 2021
  3. Distribution of 500 face masks during covid lockdown period at Bicholim town. Face masks were supplied by IMA Bicholim.
  4. Distributed food packets to labourers during lockdown at Bicholim.